Main : 2004 : Seeds

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Seeds for 2004

See Grower's Log 2004 for all pre-harvest data and Harvest Data for 2004 for all harvest data.

Anaheim TMR23 (capsicum annuum)
New Mexican pod type. Improved resistance to tobacco mosaic virus. Pod length about 8 inches. 75 days to maturity. Heat scale 1-2.
Seed Source: Tough Love Chile Company, $1.00/20.
Author's Notes: Average 122 days from seed to ripe fruit.

Bermuda (capsicum annuum)
Mild; 2.5 to 3 inches long by 1 to 1.5 inches wide; matures from pale green to red; thick and fleshy fruits on short bushy plants; from Bermuda; Uses: Prolific; Short Season; C.annuum.
Seed Source: Pepper Joe, free seeds from the 2004 season.
Author's Notes: Great plants! Average 98 days from seed to ripe fruit. Plants have a bushy habit, and produce numerous erect pods. Fruit are shaped like a very short (2 - 3" long) New Mexican pod, and mature from light green to red. Pods are very fleshy and have an excellent flavor, with heat about equal to a jalapeno. These are great general-purpose cooking peppers.

Big Bertha Hybrid (capsicum annuum)
Hybrid bell pepper variety. Improved resistance to tobacco mosaic virus. Produces "huge thick walled fruits, 6 to 7 inches long and 4 inches across." "Bears heavily". 72 days to maturity from transplants.
Seed Source: Tough Love Chile Company, $1.00/10.
Author's Notes: 108 days from seed to mature fruit.

Bolivian Rainbow (capsicum annuum)
Purple-veined foliage. Peppers are tear-drop shaped, maturing from purple to yellow to orange to red. Bears early and prolifically. Good container plant. "very hot". Heat scale 5.
Seed Source: Pepper Joe, $2.99/15.
Author's Notes: These are not the same as what I've grown in the past. The foliage is much larger and non-variegated (no purple) and the fruit are significantly larger. The plant's habit is much taller that the Bolivian Rainbow plants I grew in 2000 and 2001, but was still radially compact. Flowers: medium (3/4" across), with 5-6 light purple corollas that show no spots but are white in color at their base. Anthers are purple and gray in color and the filaments are purple. The calyx has purple variegation. Fruit: erect, teardrop-shaped, non-deciduous, with ends ranging from pointed (typical) to rounded, typically 1" in length. Purple when immature, ripening to yellow, then orange, then red, with all colors showing randomly on the plant at the same time. An occasional fruit can vary in shape so far as to be spherical. Hot, about equal to a very hot Cayenne. Leaves: medium to large (typically 3", some to 5 1/2"), long-pointed or lanceolate, toothless, medium green. Habit: tall but radially compact. Plants grew to about 20" tall and 16" in diameter in a 10" standard clay pot (first season). Very little tertiary branching, the result being a plant that is tall but not proportionately broad. General: This variety seems to make a very good container plant, and seems to have toughness and hardiness typical of a pepper plant. It was not as attractive as the variants I grew in 2000 and 2001; otherwise, it performed satisfactorily.

Cascabel (capsicum annuum)
A variety of the Mirasol pod type. Pods are approximately spherical (slightly flattened with a slightly pointed end), 1-2" in diameter, and mature from green to red. The dried pods, also known as coras and guajones, rattle when shaken due to loose seeds, hence the name 'cascabel' (Spanish for 'little rattle' or 'little bell'). Medium pungency. Heat scale 4.
Seed Source: Tough Love Chile Company, $1.00/20.
Author's Notes: Average 122 days from seed to ripe fruit.

Golden Habanero (capsicum chinense)
Large plants. Pods mature to a deep gold color and are "so incredibly hot that just one pepper will make a meal too hot." Heat scale 10.
Seed Source: Pepper Joe, $3.99/10.
Author's Notes: Like most C. chinense peppers I've grown, these were slower to set fruit (88 d) and produce ripe fruit (120 d) than most of the other varieties, but they were quicker than the Scotch Bonnets (2000, 2001) and Fataliis (2001) that I've grown (typically 110 days to set fruit and 150 days to produce ripe fruit). The plants themselves were quite attractive, having thick, green, regularly-branched stems that supported a canopy of extra-large wrinkled leaves. The peppers were typical of the Habanero, maturing to a nice yellowish orange, and were *extremely* pungent, even for a habanero. You've been warned!

Guajillo (capsicum annuum)
A variety of the Mirasol pod type. This is a very common variety in Mexico. 4" to 6" pods mature from green to translucent red. 125 days to maturity from transplants. Medium pungency. Heat scale 4.5.
Seed Source: Tough Love Chile Company, $1.00/20.
Author's Notes: Average 110 days from seed to ripe fruit.

Hot Lemon Pepper 
Peppers have a spicy lemon scent. Medium-sized, bushy plant. Heat level 9.
Seed Source: Pepper Joe, $3.99/15.
Author's Notes (from 2001): These plants are *incredible* ! Fruit: pendant, elongated pods with pointed ends; thicker and shorter than a Cayenne, typically 2" to 2.5" long. Pod walls are of medium thickness; fleshier than a typical Cayenne. Ripen to yellow. Prolific. Slow to produce ripe fruit (150 days in 2001, 155 days in 2004), it is best to start these a month or so earlier than most C. annuum varieties. Produced until late in the season. Habit: Unbelievably bushy habit; almost more like blackberry or blueberry canes than normal pepper plants. These plants take up at least twice as much room as an average pepper plant in the garden. General: These plants are very tough and first-season cold-hardiness is unequalled by any other pepper plants I've ever grown. The peppers themselves survive extended freezer storage better than most varieties that I have frozen; I have kept them in the freezer for over 2 years, and other than a bit of color loss they looked exactly like they did the day I froze them.

Mirasol (capsicum annuum)
4" long, cayenne-shaped pods mature from green to a translucent dark red color and have a fruity flavor. Fruit are generally erect, thus the name mirasol (Spanish for 'looking at the sun'). 80 to 90 days to maturity from transplants. Typically produce about 50 peppers per plant. 2500 to 5000 SHU. Medium pungency.
Seed Source: Tough Love Chile Company, $1.00/20.
Author's Notes: Average 118 days from seed to ripe fruit. Fairly short (18" tall in a 12" diameter pot) plant with a compact habit. Fruit set in clusters of up to seven at the ends of branches, are erect and typically 1 1/2 - 2" long and taper to a point, ripening from green to red. Fruit wall thickness is comparable to a typical Cayenne. Good flavor, not that hot.

NuMex Twilight (capsicum annuum)
A variety of the Piquin pod type. Plants grow to about 18". 120 days to maturity. Peppers are 3/4" long, maturing from purple to yellow to orange to red. Grows well in pots. Developed by New Mexico State University's Chile Pepper Breeding Program in 1991. "Very pungent".
Seed Source: Leftover seeds from 2001 season.
Author's Notes (from 2001): This is a quite attractive plant, with a nice array of pod colors showing at the same time during ripening. It does not, in my opinion, beat the Bolivian Rainbow for "Best Looking Pepper Plant". Fruit: very numerous (more than 250), erect, non-deciduous, elongated teardrop shape. Ripen from purple to yellow to orange to red. Unlike most varieties for which I have data, this plant showed a marked change in pod size at a point in the harvest season, going from a consistent median pod length of 1 - 1.1" through mid-August to an equally consistent median pod length of 0.75" for the remainder of the harvest. Habit: Compact. General: Germination and initial growth rates average, but germination percentage itself was very poor (22%). Many varieties that I've grown produce the bulk of their peppers in August and September; this plant (like the Bolivian Rainbow plants that I grew in 2000) was a steady producer August-November, and did not reach 50% harvest until early-mid October. This plant exhibited typical toughness and cold-hardiness for a Capsicum and did very well in partial sun as a container plant.

Prairie Fire PVP 
Plant Variety Patent. Plants grow to 6" - 9" tall. Peppers mature from white to purple to yellow to red.
Seed Source: Leftover seeds from 2001 season.
Author's Notes (from 2001): If there is such a thing as a dwarf pepper plant, this is it! Fruit: numerous (average 130 per plant), erect, non-deciduous, shaped like a short, fat Tabasco or a skinny Bolivian Rainbow. Mature from white to purple to yellow to red. Fruit size *very* consistent, typically 0.8 ± 0.1". Harvest timing typical; ripe fruit from late June to late October with 50% harvest in early August. Brutally hot. Habit: Ultra-compact; *very* small plant. General: *The most consistent* Capsicum plants I've ever grown: all seeds sprouted within a day of each other, the three plants showed first flowers within 2 days of each other and showed first ripe fruit the same day. Fruit size showed little variation from harvest to harvest and from plant to plant, and the harvest timing of the two plants I kept were almost identical, as can be seen from the uncanny congruence of the harvest curves on the Harvest page. This variety did well in partial sun as a container plant and showed typical toughness and cold-hardiness for a pepper plant.

Tasmanian Habanero (capsicum chinense)
Habanero variety developed by Pepper Joe. Pods have a large mid-section, pointed end. Habit lower and bushier than a typical habanero. "Ultra-Hot". Heat level 10.
Seed Source: Pepper Joe, $3.99/10.
Author's Notes: 106 days from seed to ripe fruit.

Thai (capsicum annuum)
Seed Source: contributed seeds
Author's Notes: 109 days from seed to mature fruit. Generic Thai pepper plants that produced in a typically prolific manner. Pods were erect, 1 to 1 1/2" long, and matured from green to red. Very hot. These make excellent chile paste, and can be eaten a bit at a time with food to spice up an insufficiently-spiced meal.

Yellow Jellybean (capsicum chinense)
Prolific, producing hundreds of peppers per plant. Pods are marble-sized and dry well. Plants are "easy to grow and [germinate] very well". Heat level 10.
Seed Source: Pepper Joe, $3.99/10.
Author's Notes: Very similar to Brazilian bird pepper (C. chinense), aka yellow bird's eye (Ref. 12, p.62). Average 102 days from seed to ripe peppers, which is significantly quicker than most C. chinense varieties I have grown. Prolific. This plant has frequent, regular branching, producing a bushy, precise-looking habit (18" tall and 24" in diameter in a 10" diameter pot). Terminal branches zig-zag, with fruit setting singly at the joints. Fruit are erect, deciduous ovate pods about 3/8" long that mature from green to yellow. Fruit are extremely hot (somewhat below a habanero) and have the characteristic chinense flavor. Pods dry quickly and easily. This plant exhibited typical toughness and cold-hardiness for a Capsicum and did very well in partial sun as a container plant.



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